Grade 3

Year at a Glance

In 3rd grade, your child will learn important new ideas and gain important new skills. One of the most important topics this year is multiplication. Multiplication, division, and fractions are the building blocks for many life skills that students will learn in later grades, such as percentages. Students also need to master these topics to be ready for algebra and advanced math, so it is essential to get a good start with these topics in 3rd grade.

A Sample of What your Child Will Be Working on in Third Grade:

    • Multiplying and dividing up to 10 × 10 quickly and accurately, including knowing the times tables from memory
    • Solving word problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
    • Beginning to multiply numbers with more than one digit (e.g., multiplying 9 × 80)
    • Understanding fractions and relating them to the familiar system of whole numbers (e.g., recognizing that 3⁄1 and 3 are the same number)
    • Measuring and estimating weights and liquid volumes, and solving word problems involving these quantities 
    • Reasoning about shapes (e.g., all squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares)
    • Finding areas of shapes, and relating area to multiplication (e.g., why is the number of square feet for a 9-foot by 7-foot room given by the product 9 × 7?)